ITC team

The International Trauma Center is a small, highly versatile company that provides training and consultancy to humanitarian aid and social justice enterprises seeking to evolve their mission and organizational development into a trauma informed care Center of Excellence.

Dr. Robert Macy, PhD, DMT
President, International Trauma Center

Dr. Robert Macy was trained as a theatre artist, Taoist martial artist, dance movement therapist (DMT), clinical psychologist, traumatologist, and neuroscience researcher with over 30 years practice in the field of body-based psychological trauma interventions, disaster medicine and the design, development, dissemination and implementation of trauma informed care assessment and intervention service delivery systems in the United States and overseas.

Dr. Macy and Dicki Johnson Macy, BC-DMT, LMHC, M.Ed., have devoted the last two decades to the design, development and implementation of DMT-based interventions for youth and communities exposed to violence and extreme stress events. Dr. Macy is the Founder and President of the International Trauma Center-Boston, as well as the Co-Founder, with Dicki Macy, and Executive Director of The Boston Children’s Foundation. Dr. Macy is a member of the SAMHSA Disaster Technical Assistance Center (DTAC) and works nationally to assist SAMHSA in disaster response and recovery.

Dr. Macy is a founding member of the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN), where he is a primary content provider for the development of Psychological First Aid, (PFA) and Skills for Psychological Recovery (SPR), and was instrumental in the design and development of NCTSN network products during its first 8 years. He has co-chaired the NCTSN Terrorism and Disaster Network Committee and led numerous response and behavioral health recovery teams during national and international disasters.

Dr. Macy was one of only 12 experts in the nation to be selected to membership for the Barack Obama commissioned Attorney General’s Federal Advisory Commission on Children Exposed to Violence as part of Attorney General Eric Holder’s broader Defending Childhood Initiative.

Dr. Macy has devoted a significant portion of his career to work with local, state and Federal law enforcement agencies to develop customized somatic focused protocols for reducing suicide, depression, PTSD and vicarious trauma among field officers and in the SpecOps community. His work has included consulting, training and clinical intervention partnerships with the U.S. Department of Justice, the Department of Homeland Security-New Jersey, the Maine State Police and the Boston Police Department.

Dr. Macy is a tireless pioneer in the field of psychological trauma, psychosocial recovery and resiliency in research, interventions and violence prevention initiatives for children, youth, their families, and adults and their communities exposed to traumatic events including large-scale disasters, terrorist events, and political, school based, community and armed conflict violence. Dr. Macy and Dicki Macy continue to successfully utilize their somatocognitive-based trauma informed care continuums across early childhood settings, elementary, middle and high school settings, child welfare settings, foster care settings and juvenile justice settings.

Dr. Macy, Dicki Macy and colleagues, working with international donors over the last 15 years, designed, developed and have launched school focused-evidence based, highly structured, expressive therapy- psychosocial intervention programs, known as the Classroom-Community-Culture Based Intervention-CBI® services continuum, for children and youth exposed to suicide, homicide, community violence, armed conflict and mass casualty natural disasters. These DMT/ET CBI® service continuum programs have been successfully implemented in 11 states and 13 countries under extraordinarily difficult circumstances. As of January 2014, over 580,000 youth have completed the CBI® service continuum programs.  Between August 2008 and April 2014, Dr. Macy and colleagues affiliated with the International Trauma Center have published tweleve cluster controlled randomized trials of CBI® in leading peer reviewed journals indicating strong positive effects in multiple domains. These are the first psychosocial interventions for large scale trauma focusing on children and families to be published in the literature.

Dr.  Macy is affiliated with Harvard Medical School and McLean Hospital, Developmental Psychopathology. Macy designs, implements and evaluates trauma focused psychosocial resiliency initiatives, violence prevention programs, and Trauma Informed Care initiatives in the United States, Europe, Middle East, Eurasia and Africa. He has specialized in school and community based trauma focused assessments and interventions assisting school districts in building infrastructure to respond to trauma, sudden fatalities and disasters impacting students, parents and staff.

Joop de Jong, MD, PhD
ITC-Senior Vice President
Global Public, Mental Health Programs

Joop de Jong is a Professor of Cultural and International Psychiatry at the University of Amsterdam, an adjunct Professor of Psychiatry at Boston University, and a visiting Professor at Rhodes University, South Africa. Dr. de Jong and Dr. Macy have been working collaboratively in the field of transcultural psychiatry, community building, and psychosocial intervention development for the past 12 years, producing the most in-depth studies to date on children exposed to war and evidence-based recovery interventions. Dr. de Jong is an expert in public mental health and cultural and international psychiatry, an advisor to WHO and other UN agencies, and NATO, with over 40 years of experience as a physician, researcher and public health specialist.  Joop de Jong was trained in topical medicine, public health, psychiatry, psychotherapy and epidemiology. He established TPO (Transcultural Psychosocial Organization), one of the largest relief organizations in mental health and psychosocial care of (post-) conflict and post-violence exposure populations in over 20 countries in Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America.

In 2004 he merged TPO with HealthNet, an NGO implementing public health programs. Over the past decades Joop de Jong worked part-time with immigrants and refugees in Amsterdam. His current interest is the prevention of (or the consequences of) armed conflict and violence exposures, child mental health, public mental health and transitional justice. He has conducted research in post-conflict and in multicultural settings, and (co)authored 245 chapters and papers in the field of transcultural psychiatry, epidemiology, public mental health, medical anthropology and mental health of populations torn by violence and violence exposure. He currently supervises 12 PhD students.

Robert Kinscherff, Ph.D., J.D., Esq.
ITC Senior Vice President
Juvenile Justice/Behavioral Health Initiatives

Robert Kinscherff, Ph.D., Esq. is a clinical/forensic psychologist and attorney.  He received his doctorate in clinical psychology in 1988 from the City University of New York and his law degree from Harvard Law School in 1992.  He is licensed in psychology in Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Texas, and licensed in law in Massachusetts.

He currently serves at the Massachusetts School of Professional Psychology (MSPP) as the Director of Forensic Studies (Office of the Provost) and the Director of the Concentration on Children and Families of Adversity and Resilience (CFAR).  With Dr. Robin Deutsch, Dr. Kinscherff is currently implementing the Center of Excellence for Children, Families and the Law based through MSPP.  He is also the Senior Associate at the National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice where his focus is on innovative approaches funded by the MacArthur Foundation, SAMHSA, the Council of State Governments and others to reform juvenile justice policy and practice, including addressing the mental health needs (especially those arising from trauma) of youth involved in juvenile justice.  Dr. Kinscherff continues to provide oversight and other services to the statewide Juvenile Court Clinics for the Administrative Office of the Juvenile Court (Massachusetts Trial Court) and is currently involved in a project to approve routine collection of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACES) data for youth and families referred for Juvenile Court Clinic services.  He has previously served as the Director of Clinical Services for Easter Seals of New Hampshire, Assistant Commissioner for Forensic Mental Health (Massachusetts Department of Mental Health), Director of Juvenile Court Clinic Services (Massachusetts Trial Court), and Director of  Forensic Services and Director of Forensic Training at the Children and the Law Program at Massachusetts General Hospital.

Dr. Kinscherff’s activities for the American Psychological Association have included serving as two-term Chair of the Ethics Committee EC), Chair of the Committee on Legal Issues (COLI), and member of the Committee on Professional Practices and Standards (COPPS).  Related activities included assisting in the writing of the science amicus brief submitted by APA in the case of Roper v. Simmons, in which the U.S. Supreme Court found the execution of juveniles unconstitutional, and participation in drafting the revised Guidelines for Psychological Evaluations in Child Protection Matters.  He has also consulted to national security projects for the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Rand Corporation, and from 2006-2010, served on the Board of the Society for Terrorism Research.

He has served on multiple working groups, advisory groups and commissions organized by governmental organizations, judicial authorities, professional organizations, or advocacy groups that focus upon issues arising at the intersection of law and mental health practice including intimate partner violence, child protection, disproportionate involvement of youth and adults with mental disorders in the juvenile and adult criminal justice systems, and broad policy and practice issues.  For example, as Assistant Commissioner for Forensic Mental Health he chaired a Commissioner’s Task Force focusing upon safety, risk management, and minimizing stigma for youth and adults with significant mental illnesses and potential for violence, and he served on a Working Group of the Chief Justice of the New Hampshire Supreme Court tasked with reducing the disproportionate contact of persons with mental illnesses and the criminal justice system.  Since 2003, Dr. Kinscherff has been a member of the Massachusetts Governor’s Juvenile Justice Advisory Committee and currently is a member of the Children, Youth and Families Advisory Committee which reviews policy proposals for the Secretary of the Executive Office of Human Services.

He has published some 45 papers, chapters and articles on trauma, child maltreatment and child protection, delinquency, risk assessment and management in violence and sexual misconduct, and legal and ethical issues in clinical and forensic mental health practice.  He is a co-author of a recent book on professional ethics and psychology published by the American Psychological Association, and an article invited by SAMHSA and the American Institutes for Research on mental health needs among justice involved youth (with specific attention to trauma) is “in press” as of the beginning of February 2012.  Dr. Kinscherff teaches and consults both nationally and internationally on these and other topics.

Dicki Johnson Macy, BC-DMT, M.Ed., L.M.H.C.
ITC- Senior Vice President
Early Childhood Initiatives

Dicki Johnson Macy is the Creative Director for the Center for Trauma Psychology, the Director of the Boston Children’s Foundation, the Founder of “Rainbowdance Attunement Intervention, which targets children with severed attachment, as well as developmental and neurological disorders. She is also the Co-Founder of the CBI® an intervention which addresses the post-acute trauma psycho social needs of children. Dicki is a tireless pioneer in the field of dance movement and music therapy and has adapted a unique set of protocols based upon the Art & Technique of Isadora Duncan, as well as archetypal healing circles to provide non-verbal stress reduction interventions for children and their mothers exposed to armed conflict and community violence. Dicki has designed and implemented psychosocial intervention projects with the Center for Trauma Psychology in the United States, Turkey, Palestine, Jordan, Afghanistan, Indonesia, Sudan and Nepal, Taiwan and Haiti. Rainbowdance has been implemented in Mississippi for post Katrina surviving children.

Christopher Gandin Le, MA 
President, Emotion Technology
ITC-Vice President
Social Media Innovation and Dissemination

Mr. Le is Senior Vice President for ITC and directs and sustains social media innovation projects and telemedicine initiatives that aim to serve youth and adults living in extreme stress environments with no access to psychosocial supports or acute intervention technologies. ITC remains extremely fortunate that in partnership with Mr. Le’s company, EmotionTechnology, ITC is at the leading edge of knowledge and practice in disseminating trauma informed care to underserved communities utilizing innovative dissemination protocols. Mr. Le received his MA from Teachers College at Columbia University in 2003, and has since dedicated himself to harnessing the power of technology to save and improve lives.

Chris brings an activist’s sensibility to public health, specifically suicide prevention. During his tenure at the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline, he established protocol for online suicide prevention and partnerships with all of the major social networking websites. With a donation from producer James L. Brooks, Chris co-created the Lifeline Gallery, a powerful virtual space where suicide survivors, attempt survivors, and suicide prevention supporters share their stories. He sits on the board of Connect Safely, an organization which is also on the Facebook Safety Board.

Chris recently wrote a white paper titled “Using New Media for Suicide Prevention” for the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, the first inquiry by the national government into online activity around suicide and suicide prevention.

Naomi Wolf wrote the New York Times bestselling book “The End of America: A Letter of Warning to a Young Patriot” for, and dedicated the book to, Chris, whom she calls “a born activist, a natural grassroots leader and teacher.”

Christopher Gandin Le is working to make sure every single new media user has access to the life-saving tools they need.

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Frank Grijalva, MSPH
Vice President of Program Development

Frank came through the California system as a child adopted into a family challenged with mental health and substance abuse issues. Raised in the East Bay area of Northern California Frank attended 9 different schools in his first 9 years. As an adopted child raised in a challenging home in a challenging environment both geographically and historically, Frank has a unique perspective that translates for many of our most traumatized communities, families and children. Frank negotiated his way into the military and his first professional training was as a special warfare diver attached to the Mariner Mammal program of the United States Navy where he spent 8 years honing behavior modification skills, stress management and understanding the dynamics of nonverbal communication. Later, as a stay at home dad for 2 kids and a student of psychology he became aware of and struggled with development, trauma exposure, and behavioral progressions. This led to a journey of self-exploration and an academic focus on traumatology.

Frank has worked with the International Trauma Center since 1999 and deployed to Ground Zero to manage a team of clinicians working with a federal agency in “the dig” to stabilize them ongoing as they did their difficult work. Frank also worked extensively throughout Louisiana and Mississippi in the aftermath of Katrina. Frank has worked abroad in Israel, Gaza and the West Bank, Nepal, Jordan and several other countries for agencies like Save the Children, USAID, the World Bank and the International Center for the Protection of Victims of Torture to develop interventions and train clinicians working with children.

As Director of the Midwest Trauma Services Network and senior manager for the International Trauma Center, he has spent the last several years introducing and training selected trauma informed evidence based practices, as well as designing and implementing innovations specific to children from at-risk environments through the OJJDP. Frank has a BS in disaster psychology with an emphasis on mental health, an MS in Public Health with a focus on child mental health and an MS in clinical counseling with trauma theory as the primary theoretical framework. Frank is the proud father of two gifted and resilient college students who are also interested in human services. His mission is to create a world that understands the impact of trauma and abuse on children, families, communities and culture by teaching and implementing multi-disciplinary evidence based practices.

Robert Anda, MD, MS
Advisory Board-Adverse Childhood Experiences Network

Dr. Robert (Rob) Anda graduated from Rush Medical College in 1979 and received his board certification in internal medicine in 1982. In 1984 he completed a fellowship in preventive medicine at the University of Wisconsin, received a Masters Degree in epidemiology, and was accepted into the Epidemic Intelligence Service at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta. He conducted research in disease surveillance, behavioral health, mental health and disease, cardiovascular disease, psychosocial origins of health-risk behaviors, and childhood determinants of health.

In the early 1990’s, Rob began a collaboration with Dr. Vincent Felitti at Kaiser Permanente in San Diego to investigate child abuse as an underlying cause of medical, social, and public health problems. This effort lead to a large-scale study funded by the CDC to track the effects of childhood trauma on health throughout the lifespan. They called it the Adverse Childhood Experiences Study (ACE Study). Rob played a principal role in the design of the study, and serves as its co-principal investigator and co-founder.

Data collected from more than 17,000 patients clearly showed that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), were common; that they had a profound negative effect on health and well-being; and were a prime determinant of the past, current and future health behaviors, social problems, disease incidence, and early death in the study population. These findings have resulted in more than 70 publications in major medical and public health journals. The ideas from this work are now influencing the design of similar research around the world.

Findings from the ACE Study have been presented at Congressional Briefings and numerous conferences around the world. The ACE Study is being replicated in numerous countries by the World Health Organization (WHO), and is in use to assess the childhood origins of health and social problems in more than 18 U.S. states.

Rob continues to work as a CDC senior scientific consultant in Atlanta, but his time is increasingly devoted to traveling the nation to consult and speak with leaders in public health, medicine, corrections, judicial and social service systems and with local, state, national, and international organizations about the ACE Study. He is showing how its findings are useful to inform programs, policy, and legislation to prevent disease and disability.

Rob is the author of more than 200 publications, including numerous government publications, and book chapters, and has received numerous awards and recognition for scientific achievements. He has appeared in national newspapers and television networks and is frequently invited to speak about the ACE Study and his experiences around the country working on applications of ACE Study concepts.


Robert Paulson, PhD
Senior Advisor-Evaluation and Implementation Science

Robert I. Paulson, PhD received his doctorate and MSW from the University of California, Berkeley School of Social Welfare and an MS in Community Health Planning/administration from the University of Cincinnati. He specialized in the administration of Human Service Organizations and in Program Implementation. He was a Professor on the Faculty of the Florida Mental Health Institute, University of South Florida; Portland State University; and the University of Cincinnati. He has been PI or Co-PI of more than 15 federal or state funded grants which were awarded more than ten million dollars. He also has about 50 published papers, book chapters and monographs. Dr. Paulson has also served on multiple state and federal work groups, review panels, task forces and advisory boards.

He was most recently co- investigator of an NIMH study of Recoveries of Persons with Serious Mental Illness, co-director of the Florida Suicide Prevention Implementation Project and the PI on the local evaluation of the Broward County Project to end Chronic Homelessness. He has been a senior member of the research team studying the implementation of System of Care in three cohorts of “graduating sites” under contract with the ORC-MACRO national evaluation and two state Medicaid funded projects looking at ways to improve the system of services to children with mental health problems. He was the lead investigator in the evaluation of Community Based Care, the privatization of child welfare in Florida.

Dr. Paulson’s interest in Trauma Informed Care began when he evaluated Dr. Macy’s Community services program and then as evaluator for the Boston Trauma Center. He then became an evaluator for the Midwest Trauma Services Network. Based on these experienced he led the effort to bring TIC to the Crisis Center whose staff were exposed to secondary trauma every day. This resulted in a collaboration with Dr. Macy who trained all staff in psychological first aid and a cadre of certified trainers in TIC.

All of Dr. Paulson’s research, professional and volunteer activities have been conducted in the community as collaborations with consumers, caregivers, agencies and local and state government agencies. He has advocated for careful implementation planning and structures and processes which enhance program fidelity. His focus remains on improving the quality of services and programs and, most importantly, outcomes for consumers.

Gil Reyes, PhD
Advisory Board-Clinical Psychology Programs

Gil Reyes, Ph.D., is a licensed clinical psychologist and Associate Dean in the School of Psychology at Fielding Graduate University. His doctoral studies at University of Colorado focused on the influences of attachment security and other interpersonal factors on the durable effects of traumatic experiences. His work then turned toward understanding how people are affected by violence exposures and other mass-trauma events, and developing methods of providing community-based psychosocial support to survivors that are culturally competent and sustainable.

In 1999 he authored a report to the World Health Organization describing the mental health needs of refugees and internally displaced populations, which was used to inform the development of the WHO Tool for assessing those needs during complex emergencies. In 2002 he co-developed the first community-based psychosocial support manual published by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), and conducted the first field test of the manual. He has also worked as a consultant with the IFRC on training issues and participated as an evaluator of the IFRC psychosocial program for survivors of the 1998 bombing of the U.S. embassy in Nairobi Kenya. His international consulting work also includes research and training trips to Venezuela and Cuba, while in the U.S. he has provided PFA to survivors of a variety of violence exposures including the attack that led to the collapse of the World Trade Center in 2001.

Most recently he has been working for several years in consultation with the National Child Traumatic Stress Network and the National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder on psychosocial training materials, in-person and online trainings, and the training of trainers. Dr. Reyes is Vice President- Psychosocial Initiatives and Program Development at the International Trauma Center, Boston, MA. He also teaches graduate courses on psychological trauma, crisis intervention, and violence exposure psychology, and is the lead editor of the Handbook of International Violence exposure Psychology and the Encyclopedia of Psychological Trauma.

Sandra Bloom, MD
Advisory Board-Sanctuary Model

Sandra L. Bloom, M.D. is a Board-Certified psychiatrist, Associate Professor of Health Management and Policy and Co-Director of the Center for Nonviolence and Social Justice at the School of Public Health of Drexel University in Philadelphia. Dr. Bloom is the founder of the Sanctuary Institute, Distinguished Fellow at the Andrus Children’s Center. Dr. Bloom is a Past-President of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies and author of Creating Sanctuary: Toward the Evolution of Sane Societies and co-author of Bearing Witness: Violence and Collective Responsibility. A book about the crisis in social service delivery and titled Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery was published in 2010 by Oxford University Press and another volume of this trilogy about trauma-informed service, Restoring Sanctuary: A New Operating System for Trauma-Informed Systems of Care was published in early 2013 by Oxford University Press.

 DonnaDonna Amundson, LCSW: ITC-Senior Program Manager, Trauma Recovery and Suicide Prevention Initiatives

As an ITC Senior Program Manager Donna provides technical expertise on trauma informed care implementation and dissemination in the United States and abroad. She continues to lead our efforts in offering clinical supervision for traumatic grief recovery protocols and suicide postvention to prevention protocols. Amundson, is the Cofounder and Executive Director of the Genesis Training Institute and has over 30 years of field experience as a clinical social worker. She specializes in psychological trauma interventions, traumatic grief, and suicidology. She is also a Master Trainer for the Training Institute for Suicide Assessment and Clinical Interviewing (TISA) for which she provides national and international certification trainings for clinicians in the Chronological Assessment of Suicide Events (CASE) Approach.

Ms. Amundson was employed for 28 years at the University of Medicine and Dentistry, University Behavioral HealthCare (now Rutgers University). She worked for 14 of those years as a direct care clinician and clinical supervisor. For the last 14 years she was the Program Manager for UBHC’s Traumatic Loss Coalitions for Youth Program. During that time, she developed and implemented suicide prevention, intervention and postvention programming statewide. She also collaborated with the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention in developing two national, best practice suicide awareness training programs for school personnel and other youth-serving individuals.  As TLC Program Manager, she also created a statewide trauma response network that continues to provide posttraumatic stabilization for youth in schools and communities in the aftermath of suicide, homicide, accidents, and larger disasters.

Ms. Amundson was the principle investigator for the SAMHSA State and Tribal Youth Suicide Prevention Grant awarded to NJ in 2012. This three year grant enabled UBHC to exponentially expand suicide prevention and postvention programming in five NJ counties with the sustainability to continue these efforts statewide. She also provided post trauma care in the aftermath of Super Storm Sandy and was instrumental in obtaining federal funding through the NJ Department of Children and Families in 2013 for youth affected by the storm. This grant enabled UBHC to expand training for trauma responders and community providers and continue post trauma intervention services for youth in five of the most affected counties in the state.

Ms. Amundson is a past member of the NJ Youth Suicide Prevention Advisory Council convened by the Governor, and is certified as a NJ Disaster Response Crisis Counselor. She is also certified in EMDR and Clinical Hypnosis. In addition to her statewide and national work, Ms. Amundson was a member of the ITC team that was called in to provide psychological assessment and stabilization for youth in orphanages in Haiti in the aftermath of the 2010 earthquake.